Teenage Abortion Argumentative Essay
In an abortion essay, pro-life arguments usually stem from religious beliefs. Hence, there are plenty of possibilities for you to explore religious arguments related to the debate on abortion. Here are some things to think about:
teenage abortion argumentative essay
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Data were drawn from two sources - the 1993 Western Australian Child Health Survey (WACHS), a population-based representative sample of 2,736 children aged 4 to 16 years (1,374 girls); and administrative data relating to all their subsequent births and hospital admissions. We used weighted population estimates to examine differences between rates for teenage pregnancy, motherhood and abortion. We used Cox proportional hazards regression to model risk for teenage pregnancy.
In this study we used a large, well-defined cross-sectional population sample of children which was subsequently linked to health system data spanning 14 years. The Western Australian Child Health Survey (WACHS) featured a framework of variables based on a social-ecology model allowing for extensive family-based demographic, psychosocial, health, educational and direct measures of both parents and survey children [22, 23]. We hypothesised that there are factors in early life that are predictors of teenage pregnancy. As the girls in the WACHS were aged 4 to 16 years at the time of the survey, the factors measured in the survey were collected across a range of life stages. Using administrative record linkage to ascertain occurrence of births or abortions, we set out to: a) quantify the association of known risk factors for teenage pregnancy within our WA sample; b) investigate if other factors within the social-ecology framework were independently associated with teenage pregnancy outcomes; and c) investigate whether the observed associations changed with the age of the girl at the time when the risk factors were assessed.
For the purposes of this analysis, a teenage pregnancy was identified by either a record of a live birth or abortion of a pregnancy that was reported from WA public and private hospitals between 1993 and 2007. Miscarriages were not included as they were not available on the linked data. Three outcomes were examined in our analyses: becoming pregnant as a teenager; becoming a teenage mother; and having a pregnancy aborted as a teenager. A girl was classified as a teenage mother if her first pregnancy resulting in a live birth occurred before she had reached 20 years of age. A girl was classified as having an abortion as a teenager if her first abortion occurred before she had reached 19 years and 6 months (due to the expected age of mother at time of delivery had the pregnancy continued, and that most abortions are carried out in the first trimester). We calculated the proportion of girls from the WACHS who had each of these outcomes overall, and then compared these proportions by variables from the WACHS. Individual, primary carer, family and community level characteristics were examined as potential correlates of these outcomes.
There were 1,374 girls in the WACHS, of whom 381 had at least one recorded pregnancy on the linked dataset during the follow-up period. Of these, 155 were aged less than 20 years at the time of their first pregnancy. Of these teenagers, 72 had an abortion and 94 became mothers (11 teenagers had both). Table 1 shows the weighted proportions of girls from the 1993 WACHS by factors collected in the survey. Table 2 reports the weighted proportions of girls from the original survey who: i) went on to become pregnant as a teenager (10.5%); ii) became teenage mothers (6.9%); and iii) went on to have an abortion as a teenager (4.2%), cross-classified by variables collected in the 1993 WACHS. Each weighted proportion is presented with 95% confidence intervals.
Nearly 40% of girls who were identified as having both aggressive and delinquent behaviours became pregnant as a teenager, compared with fewer than 10% of girls who had neither of these behaviours. The combination of these behaviours had an increasing effect on both the proportion of girls that became teenage mothers, and the proportion of girls that had an abortion as a teenager.
The proportion of girls who became pregnant and gave birth before age 20 years decreased with increasing combined carer income, while the proportion of girls who had an abortion as a teenager did not vary by combined carer income. Some 12.3% of girls from low income families went on to become teenage mothers, while the proportion for girls from high income families was 2.7%.
Level of family functioning, whether the teenager was breastfed, importance of religion and birth weight were not significantly associated with the proportion of girls who became teenage mothers, or the proportion that had an abortion as a teenager.
This study has several limitations. Data on pregnancies includes only abortions and live births (i.e. miscarriages have been excluded). We did not have complete ascertainment of abortions, as data from some private clinics was not available via the data linkage. We used the actual abortion proportion for WA to confirm that the numbers we had observed in our population were close to what was expected. The abortion proportion is derived by taking the number of abortions divided by the number of abortions and live births combined. The average abortion proportion in WA over 2002-2005 for women aged less than 20 years was 51.9% . For the teenagers in our study, we had 72 abortions and 94 live births, an abortion proportion of 43.4%.
Teenage pregnancy and abortion have become a global concern with countries making efforts to find sustainable solutions for the high prevalence of the same. According to data from the World Health Organization (WHO), about 21 million girls between the age of 15 and 19 years become pregnant every year. Similarly, another 2 million girls below the age of 15 fall victim to the same circumstance annually (McElroy and Moore, 2018). Making teenage pregnancy a global concern is the risk that the condition subjects this vulnerable population. Globally, complications during pregnancy and the time of delivery are considered the leading cause of death for young girls within the identified age. Other statistics indicate that about 3.9 million girls between the ages of 15 and 19 years, with pregnancy, are subjected to unsafe abortions. Furthermore, adolescent mothers bear a higher risk of puerperal endometritis, eclampsia, and systematic infections compared to their mature counterparts. Given these statistics, this paper aims to analyze the current prevalence of teenage and abortions in the US and evaluate how social structures in the country care about these concerns.
New reports indicate that the rates of pregnancy and abortion in the US have reached a historic low. According to reports from the Office of Adolescent Health (OAH), the rate of teen births in 1991 was 6.2% for female adolescents between 15 and 19 years of age. These figures have improved significantly dropping to 2.4% in the year 2014 (Smith et al., 2018). Comparing the rates across the races in the US, non-Hispanic whites recorded the lowest, while Hispanic and black adolescents had the highest rates. However, despite the improvements, teenage birth rates in the country are still relatively higher than in other developed countries.
Teenage pregnancy and abortion are very sensitive issues that should be addressed with utmost care. The world, and the US in particular is making massive efforts towards reducing incidences of teen pregnancy given the risk associated with the same. The trend in the reduction of pregnancies among teenagers in the US is impressive. It is expected to have very low reported cases of teen pregnancies in the foreseeable future. Additionally, the country, through the various social structures is also making immense efforts in caring for the already affected teens to ensure absolute safety during their pregnancies.
In the United States, abortion is a topic of debate and it makes for a great topic for a research paper. When writing about the pros and cons of legal abortion, it is essential to have an outline for guidance. You can refer to free argumentative essays about abortion to get facts and figures...include in your paper. With human rights being one of the popular essay topics covered, there is much information about the cause and effect of abortion as well as the for and against arguments. Essay samples on abortion can help create a strong thesis statement about birth and the right to choose. Use your introduction to state how abortions are a particularly delicate subject when it regards teen pregnancy in the US, with pro-life activists always speaking out, and a conclusion on legal rights for women.
Using a strategy from previous studies , we initially searched using three search engines (Science Direct, Google Scholar, and PubMed) using generic terms. After abstracts from each of the three search engines were retrieved and read, the search terms were revised to add more relevant words and similar terminologies, and three more search engines were added (BioMed Central, CINAHL, and MEDLINE). The specific search terms included were: experiences OR attitudes OR perceptions, qualitative OR quantitative OR phenomenology OR phenomenological OR interviews OR discussions OR ethnography AND contraceptive OR contraception OR family planning OR pregnancy OR pregnant AND adolescent OR adolescence OR teen OR teenage OR teenager OR young woman OR young women OR young people OR young female OR young male OR young men OR girl OR girls OR boys AND Abortion OR induced abortion OR termination of pregnancy.
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